7-day Southern and Eastern Coast


Working with a travel agency partner, we develop itineraries that highlight Taiwan’s rural and indigenous areas. They are focused on places that are off-the-beaten-path and that offer a glimpse into Taiwan’s hospitality, cultural diversity and spectacular scenery. In addition, an effort has been made to link them with more popular tourism destinations, to allow travelers to make the most of their time in Taiwan.

Please contact specialtytourstaiwan@gmail.com about creating a tailor-made itinerary for exploring Taiwan’s indigenous and rural areas.


What to expect:

Taiwan is a small, advanced island nation. Many of Taiwan’s indigenous communities are located in somewhat remote areas, but all can be reached by paved roads. Taiwan’s indigenous tribes have had contact with the outside world and mainstream society for a long time. Even in their villages, they mostly live in, to Taiwan standards, modern houses and dress in modern clothing. However, it is still possible to experience Taiwan’s rich indigenous culture. In addition, communities are surrounded by natural beauty, offering excellent ecotourism opportunities. These include, but are not limited to, hiking, river tracing, bird watching, swimming, white water rafting, and paragliding.

There is usually at least one small grocery store in each village where you can buy snacks and toiletries. However, you will need to bring along enough New Taiwan Dollar (NT$) in cash, as credit cards are rarely accepted and there are very few ATMs or banks.

Basic medical care and first aid is usually available but there is rarely a pharmacy. So, bring along an ample supply of all necessary prescription and over-the-counter medication.

There are not many hotels located in indigenous and rural areas. In these areas, accommodation will mostly be in family-run guesthouses.


What to bring:

1.     Adequate supply of all needed prescription and non-prescription medication.

2.     Toiletries: Shampoo/conditioner, soap/shower gel, towel, toothbrush, toothpaste, comb, hair gel, etc. In indigenous villages, we will mostly be staying in family-run guesthouses and not all will provide these items, so it is best to prepare them.

3.     Sunscreen, hat, sunglasses, swimsuit, mosquito repellent, comfortable walking shoes.

4.     Most, but not all, guesthouses will have Internet access. Voltage is 110V.

5.     Camera, extra battery, extra memory card.

6.     Adequate cash (in NT$).

7.     Notebook, pen

8.     Flashlight

9.     Sense of curiosity and sense of humor.


7-day Southern and Eastern Coast

Day 1


Meals: Lunch and dinner

From Taipei, we will take the High Speed Rail to the Tainan station. From there, we will explore some of the sights important to Taiwan’s modern history, such as the Anping Fort from which the Dutch ruled Taiwan in the 17th century. We will also explore the Anping Treehouse, which was once a warehouse of a British trading company that has been taken over by banyan trees. In the Anping Community, Taiwan’s first Han Chinese settlement, we will sample some of Tainan’s unique foods. From there, we will visit traditional Han Chinese artisans who are creating traditional style works such as wooden furniture and paper lanterns. There are also mangrove forest and wetland ecosystems to be explored in Taiwan’s newest national park, Taijiang National Park.










Accommodation: Far Eastern Plaza Hotel Tainan or equivalent


Day 2

Tainan/Kenting (Pingtung County)

Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner

From Tainan, we will drive to the beach resort area of Kenting in Pingtung County and tour some of the area’s attractions. This will be followed by an afternoon free to enjoy the beach. At night, the main street of Kenting comes alive with an outdoor market, pubs and restaurants.


Accommodation: Fullon Resort Kending or equivalent


Day 3

Kenting (Pingtung County)/Mudan Township (Pingtung County)/Taitung City

Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner

Today, we start our exploration of Taiwan’s indigenous culture and make our way to beautiful eastern Taiwan. First, we head to Mudan Township, which is home to the indigenous Paiwan tribe and visit an eco-park. Here, we learn about the traditional plants used by the Paiwan tribe and enjoy a meal of organic food and herbal tea. Next to this park are a nature trail and river. Then, we head to Taitung City to an abandoned sugar refinery that has been transformed into an indigenous handicrafts center. Here, we will have the chance to view locally produced handicrafts, such as the glass beads of the Paiwan tribe. You can even make your own bead as a unique souvenir of your trip. After dinner, we head to Tiehua Village, a live music venue. Artists and bands are mostly from Taiwan’s indigenous tribes or indie bands from Taipei.






 Accommodation: Formosa Naruwan Hotel or equivalent


Day 4

Taitung City/Donghe Township (Taitung County)/Changbin Township (Taitung County)

Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner

We explore the beautiful Taitung coastline with our first stop at the Jialulan Rest Area. This is a park overlooking the Pacific Ocean that features a collection of locally produced driftwood art installations. From there, we head to the Xindong Sugar Refinery Culture Park in Dulan Village of Donghe Township. Here, we learn about the driftwood sculpting industry and other local handicrafts industries. Then, we explore more of Donghe Township which is a mecca for surfers around the world and visit a workshop run by an indigenous Amis woman. This workshop employs elderly persons from a local Amis village to produce hats and handbags from natural cotton and hemp. Lunch features fish caught off the shores and this is followed by a visit to an indigenous Amis fishing village. This once sleepy and poor community has become a successful cultural tourism destination due to its PawPaw drum ensemble, cultural center, renovation of neglected buildings to create guesthouses and artisan workshops, coastal beauty and collaboration with famous Taiwanese artists such as Jimi. We wind down the day by enjoying the last rays of sun over the coastal mountains in a locally run guesthouse in Changbin Township, the northernmost point of Taitung County.






Accommodation: Sunny Buhouse or equivalent


Day 5

Changbin Township (Taitung County)/Dagangkou Village (Hualien County)/Hualien City/Xiulin Township (Hualien County)

Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner

The first stop on this day is the Changbin Catholic Church.  Father Josef Eugster is originally from Switzerland, but has served as a priest here for decades. He is affectionately known as Father Wu and has developed a reflexology system that has become famous all over Taiwan and Asia. He has passed on this knowledge to the local Amis residents who earn a living by providing reflexology foot massages. Then, we head to Dagangkou, an Amis village, to learn about their efforts to revive their coastal rice paddies and view works by local artisans. Our next stop is Cixingtan Beach, which is a net fishing area. Next to this beach is a museum devoted to introducing the area’s heyday as a wood fish (katsuo) product processor and exporter.




Accommodation: Crossing the Rainbow Bridge Guesthouse or equivalent.



Day 6

Hualien City/Xiulin Township (Hualien County)/Taroko Gorge (Hualien County)

Meals: Breakfast, lunch and dinner

On this day, we begin with a cultural tour of Xiulin Township, home to the Truku tribe. We visit a Truku community and a museum devoted to the disappearing tradition of facial tattooing. After our tour, we head to Swallows’ Grotto in the spectacular Taroko Gorge and visit Swallows’ Grotto to walk a narrow road through twisting tunnels that are favorite nesting places for swallows. This was once part of the main highway through Taroko National Park. It is also the point where the gorge is at its most narrow and the waters of the Liwu River are at their fastest, creating a vision of pure natural beauty.  




Accommodation: Silks Place Taroko or equivalent


Day 7

Meals: Breakfast and lunch

Taroko Gorge (Hualien County)/Nanao Township (Yilan County)/Taipei

Before leaving Taroko Gorge, we hike the Shakadang Trail. Along this trail, members of the indigenous Truku tribe grow bird’s nest fern, an ingredient in indigenous cuisine, and the aquamarine waters of the Shakadang River flow. From there we head to an Atayal tribal community in Nanao Township of Yilan County to learn about this tribe’s weaving and hunting culture. We then return to Taipei via van along the Suhua Highway and through the Xueshan Tunnel (the fifth longest tunnel in the world measuring 12.6 kilometers) arriving at about 7:00 p.m.







For groups of 2 ~3 persons = NT$116,000 per person

For groups of 4~5 persons = NT$71,400 per person

For groups of 6~9 persons = NT$61,400 per person

Single supplement add NT$11,150


INCLUDES: Meals (as noted in the itinerary); Admission; Insurance; Transportation; Professional, Licensed Tour Guide; Accommodation (based on double occupancy).


Please note that the above rates are not applicable during public holidays, on Saturdays or New Year’s Eve.


Itineraries are subject to change due to weather or road conditions and availability.


Hotel list:

Far Eastern Plaza Hotel Tainan

89 Section West, University Road, East District, Tainan


Tel: +886-6-702-8888

Fax: +886-6-702-7777

Website: www.shangri-la.com/tainan/fareasternplazashangrila/

This large luxury hotel is conveniently located in central Tainan City. Next door is the FE21 Department Store offering a variety of shopping opportunities. Inside the hotel are a gift shop and shopping arcade, as well as fitness center, business center, outdoor swimming pool, spa and sauna. Although located in close proximity to Tainan’s night life venues, the hotel itself has two great places for socializing, the Lobby Lounge and Mezzanine Bar. Both offer live music performances.


Fullon Resort Kending (墾丁福容大飯店)
1000, Chuanfan Road, Hengchun Town, Pingtung County


Tel: +886-8-885-6688

Fax: +886-885-6966

Website: http://fullon-kending.hotel.com.tw/eng/

This large resort has nearly 200 rooms and is elegantly designed in Spanish style with red tiles and white walls. It offers an exotic holiday ambience that perfectly integrates into the spectacular natural surroundings of mountains and ocean. It is conveniently located far enough from the noise and traffic of Kenting Main Street but close enough to access the outdoor market, pubs and restaurants there. Amenities include a video game arcade, billards room, fitness center, karaoke, outdoor swimming pool, and spa center.


Formosa Naruwan Hotel (娜路彎大酒店)

66, Lianhang Road, Taitung City


Tel: +886-89-239-666

Fax: +886-89-239-777

Website: www.naruwan-hotel.com.tw

Located in Taitung City, near the Taitung Fengnian Airport, this large resort is decorated in an indigenous theme including large wood carvings and a traditional fishing boat of the Yami tribe. Amenities include a saltwater swimming pool, hot springs pool, sauna, fitness center, video game arcade and billiards room.


Sunny Buhouse (陽光佈居)

85 Zhongyong Village, Changbin Township, Taitung County


Tel: +886-933-990233; +886-933-664642

Website: http://sunnybuhouse2010.pixnet.net/blog

Sunny Buhouse is run by a couple who fell in love with the beauty of Changbin. They have created a place for sharing where people can teach and learn dance, yoga or other talents and techniques. Outside are a pond filled with croaking frogs, a tree swing and a nature trail. Inside, the first floor features large picture windows for taking in the coastal mountain landscapes plus an ethnic chic decor with wooden statues and indigenous wall hangings. At night, the roof is a good place for viewing the stars. In the morning, you are greeted with a homemade, healthy buffet breakfast with bread, jam, fruit, herbal tea and coffee.


Crossing the Rainbow Bridge Guesthouse (走過虹橋民宿)

210, Lin 3, Chongde Village, Xiulin Township, Hualien County


Tel: +886-38-621-328

Website: www.teyra.com.tw

In the traditional beliefs of the Truku tribe, only those who observe the moral code of the “gaya” will be able to cross the rainbow bridge and be in the presence of the ancestral spirits. This guesthouse is owned by Teyra Yudaw, an indigenous autonomy activist who has spoken at the United Nations. He is very happy to share his knowledge of Truku culture with guests.

The rooms are beautifully decorated and some have breathtaking views of the Pacific Ocean. The water for the shower comes from clear mountain springs and is heated by solar panels. Each of the seven rooms has a different name in the Truku language such as Wili (leech) or Skadang (many molars). This guesthouse is located near the entrance to Taroko National Park. Guests can make use of bicycles for a leisurely tour of the surrounding area.



Silks Place Taroko (太魯閣晶英酒店)

18, Tianxiang Road, Xiulin Township, Hualien County, Taiwan


Tel: +886-3-8691155

Website: http://taroko.silksplace.com.tw/en/aboutus.html

Silks Place Taroko is part of the Formosa International Hotel Corporation, under the Silks Hotel brand. It is located within the boundaries of Taroko National Park. Silks Place Taroko is designed in the modern Chinese style and combines Taroko’s cultural and environmental characteristics. The four pillars on the hotel’s façade each measure nine meters in height and are made from sandstone from Shanxi Province of China. On these pillars are carved motifs of four of Taiwan’s indigenous tribes: Rukai, Tao, Puyuma and Amis.


Detailed itinerary:

Tainan City

Tainan is often referred to as the “cradle of Taiwan’s modern history”. The Dutch East India Company ruled Taiwan from Fort Zeelandia, later renamed Anping Fort, from 1624 to 1662 when they were expelled by Koxinga, a Ming dynasty warlord. Following Koxinga’s victory, large numbers of Han Chinese immigrants came from the coastal areas of southern China, settling in Tainan around Anping Fort, known as the Anping settlement.


Anping Fort

Once called Fort Zeelandia, this was the headquarters of the Dutch East India Company on Taiwan, the territorial ruler of Taiwan from 1624 to 1662. This fort was located adjacent to a bay which was used to carry out trading activities. It is important to note that most of the fort is not the original, as it has been rebuilt more than once, and a white observation tower was constructed following World War II. However, outside the fort is a section of brick wall that was once part of the original Zeelandia. In addition, excavations have been underway around the fort for many years. These excavation pits are surrounded by walkways for public viewing and artifacts dating back to the Dutch occupation have been found.



Anping Treehouse

Located near the Anping Fort is a bright white building which was once the office of the Tait & Co. Merchant House founded by British traders in 1867. This was considered one of the top five foreign firms in Anping at that time. Near this building was the warehouse of this firm which was left neglected and taken over by the roots and branches of banyan trees. A series of pathways through the building and stairways above provide different perspectives of this now integrated building and banyan tree structure.


Anping Settlement

The small lanes in the community adjacent to the Anping Fort were once part of the first Han Chinese settlement in Taiwan. At first glance, the narrow streets appear to be a bustling marketplace with food stalls, simple eateries and shops selling a variety of souvenirs. But, if you look closer, you will notice that some of the walls that surround the courtyards of the old houses include coral, attesting to this area’s once close proximity to the water, as well as bricks that were taken from Fort Zeelandia.


Taijiang National Park

Located along Taiwan's southwest coastline with a total area of 34,405 hectares, Taijiang National Park is comprised of two international-class wetlands, the Zengwun Estuary Wetlands and the Sicao Wetlands, and two national-class wetlands, the Qigu Salt Field Wetland and the Yanshui Estuary Wetlands.
Used for a long time as salt fields, harbors and fish farms, the Tainan costal area has preserved a vast expanse of precious wetland ecosystems and mangrove forest, which are a major habitat for rare birds such as the Black-faced Spoonbill.



Haian Road

What was supposed to be an underground shopping mall became an abandoned street with partially demolished homes being torn down to make way for the construction. The remaining walls have been turned into canvases for local artists, graffiti artists and designers. Along this road are restaurants and pubs, making it a nightlife center. Off of Haian Road are small lanes with shops producing traditional crafts such as wood furniture and paper lanterns.




Kenting (Pingtung County)

Kenting located at the southern tip of Taiwan is the island’s premier beach resort area. However, this is also the location of Kenting National Park and Kenting National Forest Recreation Area, both of which are focused on preserving coastal forest. The national park also preserves coral reef areas. In addition to the beach and coastal forest landscapes, attractions include the Eluanbi Lighthouse. This lighthouse was built in 1882 to try and reduce the number of shipwrecks in the area. Due to frequent incursions by the local indigenous population, this is one of the few examples of an armed lighthouse in the world.



Mudan Township (Pingtung County)

Mudan Township is nestled between Pingtung and Taitung counties with mountain and coastal scenery, as well as hot springs and indigenous Paiwan culture. There are also a plethora of wild flowers that bloom throughout the year, such as peonies and white ginger lilies.


Jiade Gorge Eco-park

Part of the indigenous Paiwan tribe’s traditional knowledge includes that of plants. Here, plants traditionally used by this tribe are grown and introduced to visitors. This eco-park has received organic certification and serves meals created using the plants grown here, as well as herbal teas. Visitors can also enjoy a leisurely walk along a nature trail or enjoy the cool, clear waters of the neighboring river.



Taitung Sugar Refinery Culture Park

Sugar processing was once an important industry in Taiwan. But, when the demand for sugar dropped, many of Taiwan’s once booming sugar refineries closed. Instead of allowing the buildings to fall into neglect, the ones at this refinery have been turned into exhibition space. In one of the buildings, handicrafts from local studios are on display and for sale. This is also the work space of the Ata Beads Studio, which promotes and preserves the glass bead culture of the Paiwan tribe.



Tiehua Village

This is a live performance venue for mostly indigenous artisans. The indoor performance area has a stage and tables and chairs. It is housed in one of the few remaining Japanese occupation era (1895-1945) buildings in Taitung City. However, most of the performances are held on the outdoor stage. There is a good variety of music including traditional, folk, blues, rock and reggae. Artists that play here include those that are well known and those that are up-and-coming.



Taitung County Coastline

Taitung County boasts the longest coastline, nearly 200 kilometers, of any county in Taiwan. Unfortunately much of the coastline is rocky, but there are several pleasant beach areas for swimming in the summer and surfing in the fall and winter in Donghe Township. Every November, the Taiwan Open of Surfing is held in Taitung at the Jinzun Fishery Harbor. Much of the coastal area is home to the Amis tribe. The coast also has several fishing harbors, and fresh seafood is the local specialty.



Xindong Sugar Refinery Culture Park

This was once an active sugar refinery. However, as demand for sugar slowed, this refinery fell out of use. The original buildings were turned into artist studios, exhibition space, performance space and restaurants. The original smokestack was left intact and now serves as a Dulan landmark. One of the artists-in-residence is Amis woodcarver Siki Suphing who is from Dulan Village. His works are based on his culture including hunting, gathering of food and important ceremonies, as well as the legends told to him by the village elders. Many of his works are produced using locally obtained driftwood.



Mianmawu (Cotton and Hemp) Workshop

From the outside, this is a small, non-descript workshop. But, once you enter, you will be treated to the sight of truly unique handmade products produced from cotton and hemp, as well as other natural materials. Products include hats, handbags and clothing. All of the products are crocheted or woven by hand by mostly elderly people living in the adjacent indigenous Amis community, which provides them with a source of income. Taiwanese fashion designer Jamei Chen is working with Mianmawu to develop its products and to increase its marketing channels.



Pisiliang Community

In the Amis language, Pisiliang and PawPaw mean “a place for raising goats” and “buoy”, respectively. The PawPaw is used by the indigenous people to stabilize fishing nets. When the worn-out PawPaws were ready to be replaced a few years ago, the head of the community development association, Ms Chun-Mei Chen, invited an artist, Mr. Zhi-Ming Fang, to come up with a creative way to integrate traditional weaving, patterns, colors and carvings to transform old buoys into uniquely styled drums.

In March 2009, Mr. Tzong-Ching Chu, also known as the founder of the famous percussion ensemble that bears his name came to the community to attend a PawPaw drum performance. Mr. Chu was very impressed with the talent of the young students and immediately assigned Mr. Hong-Chi He, his chief deputy in the ensemble, to serve as the instructor for the band. In May 2009, Mr. He started intensive training, twice per month, based on world-class music performance standards, and the result has been amazing progress made by the band members.

The success of the PawPaw drum band has instilled new hope and life to a declining community. The impact is especially significant on the young people who make their own instruments and are proud to be band members. The PawPaw drum brings the community together and has become part of the identity of Pisiliang.



Changbin Township (Taitung County)

Changbin Township is a favored destination for those wanting to get away from it all. The main attractions here are sleepy fishing villages and coastal scenery. There are several guesthouses, many of them quite luxurious, nestled among the coastal mountain slopes. In the daytime, there are spectacular panoramic views of the mountains and ocean and at night star-filled sky.


Changbin Catholic Church

This is a local heritage site. This small, quaint church was established in the 1950s, by a group of Swiss youth. The Changbin Parish, which has now served Taitung for sixty-odd years, is currently headed by Father Josef Eugster. Father Eugster is not only fluent in Taiwanese, Chinese and Amis, he is also a pioneer in the field of foot reflexology and uses massage techniques as part of his ministry.


Dagangkou Village (Hualien County)

This is an indigenous Amis community. Influenced by Han Chinese settlers, this community began growing rice in coastal paddies. However, three or four decades ago, rice growing began to decline and the paddies became overgrown. In recent years, the community has been working to restore the traditional irrigation system and to once again grow rice. The local rice is sold at the Mimi’an Café, which also offers coffee and tea and promotes wood carving and other handicrafts produced by local residents.


Xiulin Township (Hualien County)

Xiulin Township is located in the northern part of Hualien County between the coast and the mountains. It is home to the spectacular Taroko Gorge, one of Taiwan’s most popular tourist destinations. Although Taroko National Park is within an area rich in indigenous culture and history, this does not become evident until you explore the surrounding communities. For example, the Taiwanese Aborigine Tattoo Culture Museum provides information about the facial tattooing traditions of the Atayal, Sediq and Truku tribes. This practice was forcibly discontinued by the Japanese during their occupation of Taiwan (1895-1945). Kimi Sibal, a member of the indigenous Sediq tribe, has devoted much of the last two decades to preserving the remnants of the facial tattooing traditions by photographing the elders who were tattooed before the tradition disappeared. Kimi founded this museum to display his photographs, as well as historical items such as traditional tattooing tools.

        Xiulin Village of Xiulin Township is made up of three communities of the Truku tribe: Kulu, Dowras and Bsuring. A tour of this village includes weaving and woodcarving workshops, churches, fields of bird’s nest fern (an ingredient in traditional indigenous cuisine) and maybe even a stop at one of the karaokes featuring coin-operated machines. In the Sanzhan Community, there is a traditional Truku watchtower to explore and a chance to try your skill with a bow and arrow. The waters of the Sanzhan River are very clear and local residents often swim here. This is also a good place to learn about and purchase products made from local rose stone and bloodstone.


Taroko Gorge (Hualien County)

        Taroko Gorge is a marble gorge created over millions of years and through this gorge flow the aquamarine waters of the Liwu River. This area was designated part of Taroko National Park in 1986. This park covers parts of Hualien County, Nantou County and Taichung City and was once home to the Truku tribe (also known as the Taroko tribe) until it was forced to move out by the Japanese during their occupation of Taiwan (1895-1945).  

        Near the entrance to the national park is the Shakadang Trail. In 1940, the Japanese built the Shakadang Trail to develop a hydropower plant along the Liwu River. Along the 4.5 kilometer trail, you will see patches of bird’s nest fern. This is a common ingredient in Truku cuisine and is grown along this trail by members of the tribe. This is a fairly flat trail and is well marked. There are explanatory panels in Chinese and English. The trail follows the Shakadang River which features beautiful aquamarine waters and natural marble with intriguing folds and shapes.

        The Eternal Spring Shrine commemorates those who lost their lives in the building of the highway that runs through Taroko Gorge (1956-1960). This is a picturesque shrine built above the Eternal Spring Waterfall.

        Buluowan is a recreation area that features an exhibition center on Truku culture. This is because this was once the location of a Truku community. In addition, visitors can explore one of several nature trails or enjoy a cup of coffee on a large veranda overlooking a meadow that is surrounded by towering mountains.

        At Swallows’ Grotto, the gorge narrows significantly, and this is where visitors can obtain good views of the rock cliffs. Swallows’ Grotto Trail is about a half kilometer. This narrow tunnel created from the rock with large openings for viewing the gorge was once part of the Central Cross-Island Highway. In 2005, a bypass for vehicular traffic was created so that pedestrians could walk through the tunnel and enjoy the scenery. Visitors will also see many nesting and flying swallows, for which this place was named. It is necessary to wear a hard hat during your walk here as there is sometimes falling rock.

        Tianxiang is a large river terrace recreational area. Places to visit include the Catholic Church, Presbyterian Church, the Pudu Bridge and a giant statue of Guanyin or goddess of mercy.


Nanao Township (Yilan County)

        This is a mostly indigenous Atayal area. It is in a picturesque mountain setting, providing many ecotourism opportunities. In addition, the residents here are working to preserve many aspects of Atayal culture such as cloth weaving, rattan weaving and hunting.


Information about the tribes visited on this tour:

Amis tribe

With a population of more than 140,000, the Amis is by far the largest of Taiwan's officially recognized indigenous tribes. The mountains and coast of Hualien to Taitung are where this tribe is concentrated. Traditionally, the Amis possessed a matrilineal society. Women inherited the family property and children were named according to their mother's name. Although women were responsible for the major decisions in their individual households, the political decisions of the village were made by men, with division of labor based on a strict age organization. The Harvest Festival is held in July and August to celebrate the harvest of millet, a traditional staple grain.


Atayal tribe

The Atayal has the largest distribution among Taiwan’s indigenous tribes, stretching from the north to the center and east. This tribe traditionally practiced facial tattooing, which symbolized entry into adulthood and eligibility for marriage. The Atayal believed that after death a person crosses a rainbow bridge to join the ancestral spirits. These tattoos allowed the Atayal to be recognized as members of the tribe and to secure passage over this bridge.


Paiwan tribe

The Paiwan tribe is concentrated in Pingtung and Taitung counties. This tribe traditionally possessed a strict social hierarchy of chieftain, nobility and commoners. The chieftains are responsible for preserving traditions and ceremonies and overseeing the welfare of the village residents. They are the landowners and it is the commoners who work their land, providing a portion of the crops to the chieftains for the use of the land. The Paiwan tribe is well known for the high quality of its art works and handicrafts including pottery making, wood carving and bead making.


Sediq tribe

The distribution of the Sediq tribe is in Nantou and Hualien counties. Similar to the Atayal tribe, the Sediq once practiced facial tattooing. A woman was able to receive facial tattoos if she proved herself a skilled weaver, i.e. able to clothe her family. A man was able to receive facial tattoos if he proved himself a capable warrior, i.e. able to defend his family and village. Textiles were traditionally made using ramie, a type of Asian hemp, and woven on a horizontal backstrap loom. This was hard work, especially as many of the traditional patterns were quite complicated such as rhombuses within rhombuses which represent “the eyes of the ancestors”.


Truku tribe

This tribe originally inhabited Nantou County, but as its population grew it moved into what is today Taroko National Park in Hualien County. The highway that cuts through Taroko Gorge was expanded from a Truku tribe hunting trail. However, in the early 20th century, the Truku tribe was forced to move out of this gorge by the occupying Japanese forces. This tribe is still concentrated in villages surrounding Taroko National Park. As with the Atayal and Sediq tribes, the Truku tribe practiced facial tattooing.